Q. Who famously created the three laws of robotics in the 1940s?
- A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
- A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
- A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.
The three laws of robotics were introduced in 1942 by science fiction author Isaac Asimov. They were written as a handbook of robotics and outline the rules and principles for autonomous robot behavior.
Asimov later introduced the zeroth law, which states that “A robot may not harm humanity, or, by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.” The zeroth law was created by robots theorizing situations where humans must be harmed—their solution was to cause the least amount of harm possible.
So rest soundly, human readers, in the knowledge that Isaac Asimov had your safety in mind when writing his beloved Foundation.